Brazil - Sightseeing
Rio de Janeiro
With its white beaches, towering mountains and beautiful coastline, it's no wonder Rio de Janeiro is a top travel destination. No trip to Rio is complete without a trip up Corcovado Peak to the iconic Christ the Redeemer ("Cristo Redentor") statue - the largest art deco statue in the world.
Although popular for its pumping nightlife and world-class restaurants, São Paulo is also famous for its architecture and museums. Art galleries, memorials and cultural centres are abundant.
Not to be missed is Oscar Niemeyer's futuristic, curvaceous architecture in the capital of Brasília. Designed in the 1950s, Niemeyer's work includes the cathedral and national congress - both UNESCO World Heritage sites.
Tropical islands are plentiful off the "Costa Verde" (Green Coast) between Rio and São Paulo. Ilha Grande and Ilhabela, in particular, are stunning. Ilhabela (meaning "beautiful island") is home to parakeets, toucans and capuchin monkeys.
In Western Brazil, extending into Bolivia is Pantanal, one of the largest freshwater wetlands in the world. The wetlands are home to jaguars, caiman, anaconda, river otters, toucans and hundreds of other wildlife species. Tourists typically get here via Campo Grande. Bananal Island, the largest river island in the world, is worth visiting in the area.
The Archipelago of Fernando de Noronha
Off the coast of Brazil is the archipelago of Fernando de Noronha, comprised of 21 islands and islets in the Atlantic Ocean. This marine national park is popular for its beaches, wildlife, boat trips, surfing, snorkelling and great hikes. However, access is limited and visitors are required to pay an environmental preservation tax.
Chapada Diamantina National Park
The Chapada Diamantina National Park, set in a picturesque mountain landscape in Bahia, is popular for hiking and river rafting. The park boasts mountains, forests, caves, underground lakes and waterfalls, including Cachoeira da Fumaça, the highest in Brazil at 380 metres.
The Amazon region of Brazil is one of the most breath-taking. The Amazon rainforest, which is the largest in the world, contains a third of all the living species on earth, and is fed by ten of the world's twenty largest rivers. The Amazon River itself is the second longest river in the world, serving as a transportation route and an important source of water, for both people and the myriad forms of plant and animal life in the region.
Located on the border of Brazil and Argentina, Iguaçu Falls is considered one of the great wonders of the Americas. This spectacular collection of 275 waterfalls is a UNESCO World Heritage site.